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Variables for HPLC Columns

 

Column Type

Variable

Analytical

Reduced
Bore

Narrow
Bore

Microbore

Capillary

Bore Size
(mm)

4.6

3

2

1

0.5

0.3

Flow rate
(mL/min)

1

0.42

0.19

10.047

0.012

0.004

Daily Use
(mL/day)

1,400

612

268

67

17

5.76

Sample Injection Volume
(uL)

40

17

7.56

1.89

0.48

0.16

Sample Injection Volume
(uL)

20

8.5

3.78

0.94

0.24

0.04

Optimal Injection Volume
(uL)

10

4.25

1.89

0.47

0.12

0.04

Optical Cell Volume for
10mm Length

7.8

3.3

1.5

0.36

0.09

0.03

Optical Cell Volume for
8mm Length

6.2

2.6

1.2

0.29

0.07

0.02

Optical Cell Bore
(mm)

1

0.65

0.44

0.21

0.11

0.06

from Masi, C.G., "HPLC squeezes out information," Drug Discovery & Development 5, pages 52-54 (February 2002),

HNanoliter Volums
Glasser, V., "Nanoliter volumes push MS to new lows," Genetic Engineering & Biotechnology News 31, pages 20-22 (August 2011).

Troubleshooting LC: Rules of Thumb
Dolan, J.W., "Troubleshooting basics, Part I: Where to start," LC-GC 29, pages 570, 572, 574 (July 2011).

HPLC @PittCon 2011
Swartz, M., "HPLC systems and components introduced ay Pittcon 2011: A Brief Review," LC-GC 29, pages 414, 416, 418, 420, 422, 424, 426, , 428 (May 2011).

Higher Prouctivity: HPLC
Morrow, K.J., "Versatlity of HPLC sets technology apart," Genetic Engineering & Biotechnology News 31, pages 18-21 (June 1, 2011).

Dried Blood Spots
Ferrari, L., "Dried blood spot technology gaining favor," Genetic Engineering & Biotechnology News 31, pages 52-53 (May 1, 2011).

New Columns
Majors, R.E., "New chromatography columns and accessories at Pittcon 2011: Part 11," LC-GC 29, pages 300, 302, 304-316 (April 2011).

Reversed-Phase LC Separations
Dolan, J.W., "Selectivity in reversed-phase LC separations, Part IV: Pressure selectivity," LC-GC 29, pages 318, 320, 322-324 (April 2011).

MS/MS Demand LC Columns That are Developed for High-Throughput, Sample Prep & Possess Inert Surfaces
Majors, R.E., "New chromatography columns and accessories at Pittcon 2011: Part I," LC-GC 29, pages 218, 220, 222-232, 234-235 (March 2011).

Reversed-Phase LC Separations
Dolan, J.W., "Selectivity in reversed-phase LC separations, Part III: Column-type selectivity," LC-GC 29, pages 236, 238, 240, 242, 244 (March 2011).

Porous Grapitic Columns: for Polar, Ionic & Hydrophobic Analtyes
Pereira, L., "HILIC-MS sensitivity without silica," LC-GC 29, pages 262-269 (March 2011).

Reversed-Phase LC Separations
Dolan, J.W., "Selectivity in reversed-phase LC separations, Part II: Solvent-strength selectivity," LC-GC 29, pages 28, 30, 32, 34 (January 2011).

SSP, High Temps & Scaled-Down Strtegies
Glaser, V., "Maximizing HPLC power and throughput,” Genetic Engineering & Biotechnology 30 pages 38-40 (June 1 2010).

SPP: Superficially Porous Particles
Majors, R.E., "The increasing role of superficially porous particles in HPLC,” LC-GC 28 pages 1014-1015, 1017-1018, 1020 (2010).

Method Screening Tool: vHPLC-PDA/MS
Tattersall, P., Li, L., Wang, Q, “A fast, generic and systematic approach to vHPLC impurity method development,” Amercian Pharmaceutical Review 13 pages 22, 24, 26, 28, 30, 32-33 (November/December 2010).

HPLC Columns
Reisch, M., “Going beyond silica,”
C&EN 88, page 32 (June 14, 2010).

Faster HPLC
Arnaud, C.H., “Speeding up separations,”
C&EN 88, pages 40-44 (June 14, 2010).

The Quality of Your Water
Riche, E., Tarun, M., “Determining what’s in your laboratory water,”
Genetic Engineering & Biotechnology News 30, pages 24-25m (June 15, 2010).

LC Terminolgy
Majors, R.E., Carr, P.W., Glossary of HPLC and LC separation terms,” IN: Column Watch, Majors, R.E. (ed.), LC GC North America 26, pages 118-120, 122, 124, 126, 128, 130, 132, 134, 136, 138, 140, 142, 144, 146, 148, 150, 152, 154, 156, 158, 160, 162, 164, 166, 168 (2008).

Top 10 HPLC Column Myths
Majors, R.E., "Top 10 HPLC column myths," LC GC 24, pages 1172, 1174, 1176, 1178-1182 (2006).

Sample Degradation
Bell, F., Dolan, J.W., "On-column sample degradation," LC GC 24, pages 1184, 1186, 1188, 1190 (2006).

Highlights of HPLC 2005
Majors, R.E., "Highlights of HPLC 2005," LC GC 23, pages 988, 990, 992, 994, 996-998, 1000, 1002, 1004-1005, 1007 (2005).

The Top 10 Things to Do to Improve Columns Life
Dolan, J.W., " LC columns-The top-10 list," LC GC 21, pages 262, 264, 266 (2003).

HPLC Leaks the Bane of LC/MS
Dolan, J.W., "Not another leak!," LC GC 21, pages 440, 442, 444 (2003).

Mobile-Phase Buffer
Tindall, G.W., Dolan, J.W., "Mobile-phase buffers, Part III-Preparation of Buffers," LC GC Europe 16, pages 64, 66, 68 (2003).

Gradient HPLC
Dolan, J.W., "The hazards of adjusting gradients," LC GC 20, pages 940, 942, 944, 946 (2002).

Multidmensional HPLC
Wehr, T., "Multidimensional liquid chromatography in proteomic studies," LC GC 20, pages 954, 956--958, 960-962 (2002).

The Road to Partition
Lesney, M.S., "HPLC-The road to partition," Today's Chemist at Work pages 27-28, 30 (September 2002).

Narrow-Bore Columns
Neue, U.D., "HPLC troubleshooting: Narrow-bore columns," American Laboratory 29, pages 17V-17x (1997).


CEC

Pesek, J.J., Matyska, M.T., "A versatile method for biological and pharmaceutical analysis: Open tubular capillary electrochromatography," Chromatography Perspectives: A Supplement to American Laboratory, pages 22-26 (2002).

Separation Science at PIITCON'02
Stevenson, R., "The world of separation science: Separation science instruments @ PITTCON'02, A year of evolutionary advances in separation science," American Laboratory 34, pages 12, 14-18, 20, 22-30 (2002).

HPLC Columns: Current & Future Trends, plus LC/MS Impact
Henry, R. A., "A perspective on high-performance liquid chromatography," American Laboratory 34, pages 25-31(2002).


CE

Hu, S., Dovichi, N. J., "Capillary electrophoresis for the analysis of biopolymers," Anal. Chem. 74, pages 2833-2850 (2002).

Columns
LaCourse, W. R., "Columns liquid chromatography: Equipment and Instrumentation," Anal. Chem. 74, pages 2813-2832 (2002).

Sample Prep for Genomics
Majors, R. E., "Automation of Sample Preparation for Genomics," LC GC 20, pages 416,420, 422, 424, 428, 428 (2002).

Chromatography Data Systems
Rooney, T. A., "Chromatography Data Systems: On Track at Speed," Today's Chemist at Work 10, pages 31, 32, 34, 35 (September 2001).

Historical Perspective of LC
Lesney, M. S., "Evolving LC: The Life Enabling Technology,"  Chromatography, A Supplement to Today's Chemist at Work, pages 9, 10, 12, 14, 17, 18, 20 (2001).

Historical Perspective of IC & IEC
Willis, R. C., "Getting Down to Basics: IC and IEC,"  Chromatography, A Supplement to Today's Chemist at Work, pages 37, 38, 40, 43, 44, 47, 48 (2001).

Historical Perspective of HPLC
Filmore, D., Lesney, M. S., "Performing Under Pressure: The Rise of HPLC,"  Chromatography, A Supplement to Today's Chemist at Work, pages 51, 52, 54, 57, 58, 61, 62 (2001).

Historical Perspective of LC & Affinity Chromatography
Felton, M. J., D., Lesney, M. S., "To Affinity and Beyond: Analytical Alphabet Soup,"  Chromatography, A Supplement to Today's Chemist at Work, pages 65, 66, 68, 71, 72, 74 (2001).

Tandem & Hyphenated Prespective
Vogelson, C. T., "Toward the Future: Tandem and Hyphenated Methods,"  Chromatography, A Supplement to Today's Chemist at Work, pages 77, 78, 81, 82, 85-87 (2001).

Generic SPE LC/MS Analysis
Koster, E., Vrielink, D., Ooms, B., "New Instrumentation for High Speed On-Line Solid Phase Extraction," Pharmaceutical Laboratory, LaboratoryAutomation Review, pages 20, 23-24 (Summer 2001).

SFC & Drugs
Phinney, K. W., "SFC of Drug Enantiomers,"  19, Anal. Chem. 72, pages 204A-211A (2000).

Glossary of Separation Terms
Majors, R.E., Carr, P.W., "Column Watch: Glossary of Liquid-Phase Separation," LC-GC 19, pages 124, 126, 128, 130, 132, 134, 135, -138, 140, 142, 144, 146, 148, 150, 152-156, 158, 160, 162 (February 2001).

Columns & Electrospray LC/MS, Part I
Needlam, S.R., Brown, P.R., "The Role of the Column for the Analysis of Drugs and Other Components by HPLC/ESI/MS: Part I," American Pharmaceutical Review 3, pages 45, -47, 49-50 (2000).

Columns & Electrospray LC/MS, Part II
Needlam, S.R., Brown, P.R., "The Role of the Column for the Analysis of Drugs and Other Components by HPLC/ESI/MS: Part II," American Pharmaceutical Review 4, pages 79-82 (2000).

Capillary Columss Are Not Just for GC!
Ettre, L.S., "Evolution of Capillary Columns for Gas Chromatography," LC-GC 19, pages 48, 50, 52-56, 58-59 (January 2001).

Recent Stationary-Phase Developments
Majors, R.E., "Stationary-Phase Technology in Separation Science," LC-GC 18, pages 1214, 1216, 1219-1227 (December 2000).

Changing to Narrow-Bore Columns & Scaling to the Diameter2
Dolan, J. W., "Reducing Column Diameter in Gradient Elution- A Case Study," LC-GC 18, pages 1228, 1230,1232 (December 2000).

Scaling Gradient LC Methods to LC-MS
Merdink, J. L., Dolan, J. W., "Scaling Gradient LC Methods to LC-MS," LC-GC 18, pages 1034-1039 (October 2000).

HPLC 2000
Majors, R.E., "A Special Report on HPLC 2000," LC-GC 18, pages 1122, 1124, 1127-1134 (November 2000).

Hybrid Columns
Cheng, Y.-F., Walter, T.H., Lu, X., Iraneta, P., Alden, B.A., Gendreau, C., Neue, U.D., Grassi, J.M., Carmody, J.L., O'Gara, J.E., Fisk, R.P., "Hybride Organic-Inorganic Particle Technology: Breaking Through Traditional Barriers of HPLC Separations," LC-GC 18, pages 1162, 1164, 1166, 1168, 1170, 1172 (November 2000).


Reviews on Reversed Phase

Solvent-type Selectivity
Dolan, J.W., "Selectivity in reverse-phase LC separations, Part I: Solvent type selectivity," LC-GC 28, pages 1022,1024, 1026-1027 (2010).

TFA-Containing Eluents
Choikhet, K., Glatz, B., Rozing, G., "The physicohemical causes of baseline disturbances in HPLC, Part I-TFA-containing eluents," LC GC Europe 16, pages 96, 98-100, 102-105 (2003).

Post-Column Photolysis
Kaufman, A. D., Kissinger, P.T., "Extra-column band spreading concerns in post-column photolysis reactors for microbore liquid chromatography," Current Separation 17, pages 9-16 (1998).

New Columns & Accessories for LC/MS, see Table IV: New high performance liquid chromatography specialty columns
Majors, R.E., "New Chromatography Columns and Accessories at the 2001 Pittsburgh Conference, Part I," LC-GC 19, pages 272, 275-280, 282-284, 286-288 (March 2001).

Buffers in Reversed-Phase LC/MS
"Generally, ... for LC/MS, 5-10 mM is a good guideline.  In preparing the aqueous buffer, dissolve it in ~95% the final volume, make the desired pH adjustment, (always operate the pH-meter within a range it has been calibrated), bring the solution to volume, and then filter it (0.45 micron) prior to use as is or before addition of organic modifier."

Buffer

pka (25C)

Maximum Buffer Range

UV Cutoff (nm)

Trifluoroacetic Acid

0.3

---

210 (0.1%)

Formate

3.8

2.8-4.8

210 (10mM)

Acetate

4.8

3.8-5.8

210 (10mM)

Ammonia

9.25

8.3-10.3

210 (10mM)

Ammonium Bicarbonate

9.25, 10.25

8.2-10.5

----

"Buffers in Reversed-Phase Liquid Chromatography," TheReporter 19, pages 1, 4 (2001) & Neue, U.D., "HPLC Troubleshooting: Alkaline buffers for RPLC," Spectroscopy (February 2002).

RP Columns for Peptides Analysis-No Need of Trifluoroacetic Acid
PepMap by LC Packings, is an engineered silica based C18 stationary phase with virtually zero silanophilic activity.  The need for of TFA in peptide mapping is no longer required, allowing for the use of solvent additives more compatible [avoiding signal suppression] with electrospray, such as formic and acetic acid.

Review of HPLC '98 in American Laboratory
Stevenson, R., "New developments at HPLC '98", American Laboratory, News Edition 30, pages 4, 6, 8, 10 (November 1998).

Review of HPLC '98 in Biotechnology Laboratory
Stevenson, R., "HPLC '98", American Biotechnology Laboratory 16, pages 4, 6, 8, 10 (November 1998).

RP Columns Stable at All pH's
Kirkland, J.J., Adams Jr., J.B., van Straten, M.A., Claessens, H.A., "Bidentate silane stationary phases for reversed-phase high performance liquid chromatography", Anal. Chem. 70, pages 4344-4352 (1998).

Handbook of Derivatization Reactions for HPLC
Lunn, G., Hellwig, L.C., Wiley: New York (1998).

21st International Symposium on High Performance Liquid Phase Separation & Related Techniques, Birmingham, United Kingdom, June 22-27, 1997
Fell, A.F. (editor), J. Chromatogr. A. 797, pages 1-316 (Part I);  & 798, pages 1-349 (Part II), 1998./
The HPLC Solvent Guide
Sadek, P.C., Wiley-Interscience Publication: New York (1997).

Review of Chromatography Columns and Packings Introduced at Pittcon'97
Majors, R.E., "New chromatography columns and accessories at the 1997 Pittsburgh Conference, Part I," LC-GC 15, pages 220-237, 1997.

Practical HPLC Method Development
Synder, L.R., Kirkland, J.J., Glajch, J.L. (Eds.), 2nd. edition, Wiley: New York, 800 pages (1997).

HPLC: A Practical User's Guide
McMaster, M.C., VCH Publishers: New York; 211 pages (1994).

Diode Array Detection in HPLC
Huber, L., George, S.A. (Eds.), Marcel Dekker: New York; 400 pages (1993).

How to Use Reverse Phase HPLC
Gabor, S., VCH Publishers: New York; 356 pages (1992).

Introduction to Modern Liquid Chromatography
Synder, L.R., Kirkland, J.J., Wiley: New York; 863 pages (1979).


Reviews on Normal Phase

Review of HPLC '98 in American Laboratory
Stevenson, R., "New developments at HPLC '98", American Laboratory, News Edition 30, pages 4, 6, 8, 10 (November 1998).

Review of HPLC '98 in Biotechnology Laboratory
Stevenson, R., "HPLC '98", American Biotechnology Laboratory 16, pages 4, 6, 8, 10 (November 1998).

Handbook of Derivatization Reactions for HPLC
Lunn, G., Hellwig, L.C., Wiley: New York (1998).

21st International Symposium on High Performance Liquid Phase Separation & Related Techniques, Birmingham, United Kingdom, June 22-27, 1997
Fell, A.F. (editor), J. Chromatogr. A. 797, pages 1-316 (Part I);  & 798, pages 1-349 (Part II), 1998.

The HPLC Solvent Guide
Sadek, P.C., Wiley-Interscience Publication: New York (1997).

Review of Chromatography Columns and Packings Introduced at Pittcon'97
Majors, R.E., "New chromatography columns and accessories at the 1997 Pittsburgh Conference, Part I," LC-GC 15, pages 220-237, 1997.

Practical HPLC Method Development
Synder, L.R., Kirkland, J.J., Glajch, J.L., 2nd. edition, Wiley: New York; 800 pages (1997).

HPLC: A Practical User's Guide
McMaster, M.C., VCH Publishers: New York; 211 pages (1994).

Diode Array Detection in HPLC
Huber, L., George, S.A. (Eds.), Marcel Dekker: New York; 400 pages (1993).

Introduction to Modern Liquid Chromatography
Synder, L.R., Kirkland, J.J. (Eds.), Wiley: New York; 863 pages (1979).


Reviews on Size Exclusion

Review of HPLC '98 in American Laboratory
Stevenson, R., "New developments at HPLC '98", American Laboratory, News Edition 30, pages 4, 6, 8, 10 (November 1998).

Review of HPLC '98 in Biotechnology Laboratory
Stevenson, R., "HPLC '98", American Biotechnology Laboratory 16, pages 4, 6, 8, 10 (November 1998).

Handbook of Derivatization Reactions for HPLC
Lunn, G., Hellwig, L.C., Wiley: New York (1998).

21st International Symposium on High Performance Liquid Phase Separation & Related Techniques, Birmingham, United Kingdom, June 22-27, 1997
Fell, A.F. (editor), J. Chromatogr. A. 797, pages 1-316 (Part I);  & 798, pages 1-349 (Part II), 1998.

The Use of Restricted-Access Media in HPLC, Part I- Classification and Review
Boos, K.-S., Rudolphi, A., LC-GC 15, pages 602, 604, 606-611 (1997).

The HPLC Solvent Guide
Sadek, P.C., Wiley-Interscience Publication: New York (1997).

Review of Chromatography Columns and Packings Introduced at Pittcon'97
Majors, R.E., "New chromatography columns and accessories at the 1997 Pittsburgh Conference, Part I," LC-GC 15, pages 220-237, 1997.

Practical HPLC Method Development
Synder, L.R., Kirkland, J.J., Glajch, J.L. (Eds.), 2nd. edition, Wiley: New York; 800 pages (1997).

HPLC: A Practical User's Guide
McMaster, M.C., VCH Publishers: New York; 211 pages (1994).

Introduction to Modern Liquid Chromatography
Synder, L.R., Kirkland, J.J. (Eds.), Wiley: New York; 863 pages (1979).

Modern Size Exclusion Liquid Chromatography: Practice of Gel Permeation and Gel Filtration Chromatography
Yau, W.W., Kirkland, J.J., Bly, D.D., Wiley: New York; 476 pages (1979).


Reviews in Ion Chromatography-

Review of HPLC '98 in American Laboratory
Stevenson, R., "New developments at HPLC '98", American Laboratory, News Edition 30, pages 4, 6, 8, 10 (November 1998).

Review of HPLC '98 in Biotechnology Laboratory
Stevenson, R., "HPLC '98", American Biotechnology Laboratory 16, pages 4, 6, 8, 10 (November 1998).

Handbook of Derivatization Reactions for HPLC
Lunn, G., Hellwig, L.C., Wiley: New York (1998).

21st International Symposium on High Performance Liquid Phase Separation & Related Techniques, Birmingham, United Kingdom, June 22-27, 1997
Fell, A.F. (editor), J. Chromatogr. A. 797, pages 1-316 (Part I);  & 798, pages 1-349 (Part II), 1998.

The HPLC Solvent Guide
Sadek, P.C., Wiley-Interscience Publication: New York (1997).

Review of Chromatography Columns and Packings Introduced at Pittcon'97
Majors, R.E., "New chromatography columns and accessories at the 1997 Pittsburgh Conference, Part I," LC-GC 15, pages 220-237, 1997.

HPLC: A Practical User's Guide
McMaster, M.C., VCH Publishers: New York; 211 pages (1994).

Ion Chromatography
Small, H., Plenum Press: New York; 276 pages (1990).

Retention Model for High-Performance Ion-Exchange Chromatography
Kopaciewicz, W., Rounds, M.A., Fausnaugh, J., Regnier, F.E., J. Chrom. 266, pages 3-21 (1983).

Introduction to Modern Liquid Chromatography
Synder, L.R., Kirkland, J.J. (Eds.), Wiley: New York; 863 pages (1979).


Reviews in Capillary Electrophoresis

CE & Biopharmaceuticals
Wehr, T., CE in the Biopharmaceutical Industry-A Meeting Review", LC-GC 19, pages 398,400, 402, 404, 406-407, 2001.

CE & Chips
Guzman, N.A., Majors, R.E., "New directions for concentration sensitivity enhancements in CE microchip technology", LC-GC 19, pages 14, 16, 19-20, 21, 24, 26-27, 2001.

CE & Pharmaceutical Applications
Schneider, I., "Pharmaceuticals migrate toward Capillary Electrophoresis", Today's Chemist at Work 8, pages 44-47 (1999).

CE & CEC Website
Includes background information, diagrams, equations, & links to other CE- & CEC-related Internet sites.  www.ceandcec.com.

Review of HPLC '98 in American Laboratory
Stevenson, R., "New developments at HPLC '98", American Laboratory, News Edition 30, pages 4, 6, 8, 10 (November 1998).

Review of HPLC '98 in Biotechnology Laboratory
Stevenson, R., "HPLC '98", American Biotechnology Laboratory 16, pages 4, 6, 8, 10 (November 1998).

4th Capillary Electrophoresis Symposium, Gottingen, Germany, September 22-23, 1997
Gitter, C., Frey, R. (editors), J. Chromatogr. A 807, pages 1-149 (1998).

10th International Symposium on High performance Capuillary Electrophoresis and Related Microscale Techniques, Kyoto, Japan, July 8-11, 1997
J. Chromatogr. A
802, pages 3-248 (1998).

Review of Chromatography Columns and Packings Introduced at Pittcon'97
Majors, R.E., "New chromatography columns and accessories at the 1997 Pittsburgh Conference, Part II," LC-GC 15, pages 310-324, 1997.

Capillary Electrophoresis Guide Book: Principles, Operation and Applications
Altria, K.D. (Ed.), Humana Press: Totowa; 349 pages (1996).

Handbook of Capillary Electrophoresis
Landers, J.P., CRC Press: Boca Raton; 736 pages (1996).

Capillary Electrophoresis
Baker, D., Wiley: New York; 256 pages (1995).

Capillary Electrophoresis: Principles and Practice
Kuhn, R., Hoffstetter-Kuhn, S., Springer-Verlag: New York; 375 pages (1993).


Reviews in Capillary Electrochromatography

Fundamanetals of CEC
MXiang, R., Horvath, C., "Fundamentals of capillary electrochromatography: Migration behavior of ionized sample components," Anal. Chem. 74, pages 762-770 (2002).

CE + HPLC = CEC
Murray, R.W., Editorial: "CE + HPLC = CEC," Anal. Chem. 71, page 499A (1999).

Review of HPLC '98 in American Laboratory
Stevenson, R., "New developments at HPLC '98", American Laboratory, News Edition 30, pages 4, 6, 8, 10 (November 1998).

Review of HPLC '98 in Biotechnology Laboratory
Stevenson, R., "HPLC '98", American Biotechnology Laboratory 16, pages 4, 6, 8, 10 (November 1998).

Advances in Capillary Electrochromatography: Rapid & High-Efficiency Separations of PAHs
Dadoo, R., Zare, R.N., Yan, C., Anex, D.S., Anal. Chem. 70, pages 4787-4792 (1998).

Handbook of Derivatization Reactions for HPLC
Lunn, G., Hellwig, L.C., Wiley: New York (1998).

CEC '98: The State-of-the-Art
Stevenson, R., Mistry, K., Krull, I.S., "CEC '98: The stae-of-the-art," American Laboratory 30, pages 16A-16L, August, 1998.

10th International Symposium on High performance Capuillary Electrophoresis and Related Microscale Techniques, Kyoto, Japan, July 8-11, 1997
J. Chromatogr. A
802, pages 3-248 (1998).

Review of Chromatography Columns and Packings Introduced at Pittcon'97
Majors, R.E., "New chromatography columns and accessories at the 1997 Pittsburgh Conference, Part II," LC-GC 15, pages 310-324, 1997.


Reviews in SFC

see Berger Instruments & Waters


Reviews in Sample Preparation

Novel Applications: Protein-Related Demands
Dutton, G., “Novel applications for sample preparation,” Genetic Engineering & Biotechnology News 31, pages 24, 26 (May 15, 2010).

Protein Sample Prep: Highly Reproducible Results
Meyer, K., Herold, N., “Protein sample prepe zeroes in on quality data,” Genetic Engineering & Biotechnology News 31, pages 28-29 (May 15, 2010).

Whole Blood Analysis
Majors, R.E., “New directions in whole blood analysis: dried blood spot analysis and beyond,” LC GC 29, pages 14, 16, 18-20, 22-24, 26-27 (2011).

MS Sample Prep
Glaser, V., "Less is more for mass spec sample prep," Genetic Engineering & Biotechnology News 30, pages 24, 26, 28, 30, 32 (September 1, 2010).

Membrane Extraction
Jonsson, J.A., Mathiasson, L., "Membrane extraction for sample preparation," LC GC 21, pages 424, 428, 430, 434, 436-438 (2003).

LC/MS Sample Preparation
Henion, J., Brewer, E., Rule, G., Today's Chemist at Work 8, pages 36-42, (February 1998).

Review of HPLC '98 in American Laboratory
Stevenson, R., "New developments at HPLC '98", American Laboratory, News Edition 30, pages 4, 6, 8, 10 (November 1998).

Review of HPLC '98 in Biotechnology Laboratory
Stevenson, R., "HPLC '98", American Biotechnology Laboratory 16, pages 4, 6, 8, 10 (November 1998).

Sample Preparation for LC/MS/MS: Analyzing Biological & Environmental Samples
Henion, J., Brewer, E., Rule, G., Anal. Chem. 70, pages 650A-656A (1998).

Handbook of Derivatization Reactions for HPLC
Lunn, G., Hellwig, L.C., Wiley: New York (1998).

Solid-Phase Extraction, Principles & Practice
Thurman, E.M., Mills, M.S., John Wiley & Sons: New York (1998).

Solid-Phase Microextraction
Pawliszyn, J., John Wiley & Sons: New York (1998).